A note about the short-circuit behaviour of the boolean operators.
1. if (func1() || func2())
Now, if func1() returns true, func2() isn't run, since the expression
will be true anyway.
2. if (func1() && func2())
Now, if func1() returns false, func2() isn't run, since the expression
will be false anyway.
The reason for this behaviour comes probably from the programming
language C, on which PHP seems to be based on. There the
short-circuiting can be a very useful tool. For example:
int * myarray = a_func_to_set_myarray(); // init the array
if (myarray != NULL && myarray != 4321) // check
myarray = 1234;
Now, the pointer myarray is checked for being not null, then the
contents of the array is validated. This is important, because if
you try to access an array whose address is invalid, the program
will crash and die a horrible death. But thanks to the short
circuiting, if myarray == NULL then myarray won't be accessed,
and the program will work fine.